Kaffir Boy is a story set in South Africa located in the African region. The protagonist Mark Mathabane realized that getting out of poverty is far more important than staying and fighting for his rights under the then repressive apartheid government in his country. He realized that he needs to go to the United States of America (USA) in order to be free.
In the excerpt of Kaffir Boy, the boy's realization towards the end of the excerpt are:Education is priceless - it can never be paid by anything, just a lot of effort, strong faith and support from you loved ones. The boy's mother never doubt him and his capabilities. Eduaction is for all the people not only for those who can afford - regardless of the status in life, color of the skin, physical attributes, culture and beliefs, it is for everyone who wants to be successful. Perseverance and trust with oneself is the key to success - he realized that the only one who could help him is not his mother nor his father, it is only himself who can. Of you trust yourself, you can do anything. There is no poor, black, or ugly when it comes to sucess - success comes to those people who are willing to make effort and sacrifices to achieve their goal.
More about the moral lesson of the story here: